Risk Assessment Questionnaire ExampleThe following questionnaire will help the auditor assess risk. The existence of a condition covered by the questionnaire does not mean errors or fraud have occurred; it is a warning sign indicating increased risk in the audit areas affected. The questionnaire should be modified in accordance with the size and complexity of the entity.

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RISK ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE

 

 
__________________________
(Client)
__________________________
(Audit Date)
______________________________    ___________________________
(Prepared by / Date)                          (Reviewed by / Date)

 

Instructions

This questionnaire should be completed before the start of fieldwork. Its purpose is to document and assess audit risk.

The information required to complete this questionnaire comes from the following sources:

  • Client responses to our inquiries.
  • Our knowledge of general and industry economic conditions.
  • Our knowledge of the client.

 

This questionnaire is divided into two major sections: “external” and “internal” factors. It is designed so that every “Yes” answer adversely affects risk exposure.

For every “Yes” answer, the item should be referenced to the appropriate audit documentation. The audit documentation should state our assessment of the effect of the condition on the risk of material errors or fraud.

 
EXTERNAL FACTORS

General Economic and Financial Conditions

[1]. Are there trade or other barriers to the client’s international business? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[2]. Have the client’s domestic markets suffered from high unemployment? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[3]. Have the client’s domestic markets suffered from high inflation? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[4]. Has legislation passed that adversely affects client? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[5]. Are interest rates high in relation to the client’s capital needs? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[6]. Has the client’s business been adversely affected by changes in the following:

  • Interest rates? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Unemployment rates? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Money supply? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Foreign currency exchange rates? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Overall business conditions (depression, recession, inflation)? [Y] [N] [Ref]

 

Industry Economic and Financial Conditions

[1]. Are the products of this industry subject to rapid obsolescence? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[2]. Is the industry highly competitive? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[3]. Have there been an unusual number of bankruptcies in this industry? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[4]. Does the estimated income for the year deviate significantly from the industry? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[5]. Did the industry experience a strike or other labor unrest? [Y] [N] [Ref]

 

Uses and Users of Financial Statements

[1]. Will the financial statements be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[2]. Will the financial statements be submitted to the client’s bank? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[3]. Will the financial statements be submitted to credit agencies? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[4]. Will the financial statements be submitted to stockholders? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[5]. Will the financial statements be submitted to employees with reference to:

  • Profit-sharing plans? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Pension plans? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Bonus arrangements? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Other compensation arrangements? [Y] [N] [Ref]

 

[6]. Will the financial statements be used in connection with negotiations relating to an acquisition or a disposal of a business or a segment of a business? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[7]. Will the financial statements be used in connection with negotiations for:

  • A loan? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Performance bond? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Private sale of stock? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[8]. Are there other uses or users of these financial statements which may affect our risk? [Y] [N] [Ref] If so, list.

 

 
INTERNAL FACTORS

Management’s Integrity

[1]. Are there any indications that management may lack integrity? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[2]. Does management desire favorable earnings because of the following:

  • Need to meet forecasts? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Need to support price of the entity’s stock? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Existence of management profit-sharing agreements? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[3]. Does management desire low earnings to reduce income taxes? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[4]. Is management dominated by one or a few individuals? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[5]. Does management have a poor reputation in the industry? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[6]. Does management have a reputation for taking unusual or unnecessary risks? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[7]. Has there been considerable turnover in senior management positions? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[8]. Are there other characteristics of management personnel that may affect our risk? [Y] [N] [Ref] If so, list.

 

Entity Organization

[1]. Does the entity lack an audit committee? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[2]. Does the entity fail to document its accounting system? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[3]. Does the entity fail to use internal auditors? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[4]. Do internal auditors, if any, not report to the audit committee or some other high organizational level of the entity? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[5]. Is the organization owner- or manager-dominated? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[6]. Does the entity fail to document job requirements? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[7]. Does management lack an understanding of accounting and administrative controls? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[8]. Does management fail to implement accounting and administrative controls? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[9]. Has management failed to correct material weaknesses in internal accounting control that can be corrected? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[10]. Are the entity’s records generated to a significant degree by an EDP system? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[11]. Does the entity fail to maintain perpetual records of:

  • Inventories? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Long-lived assets? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Investments? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[12]. If the entity maintains perpetual records, does it periodically compare them with physical counts? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[13]. Does management fail to communicate to other personnel a commitment to control? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[14]. Does the entity fail to maintain policy and procedures manuals? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[15]. Is there a high turnover of accounting and finance personnel? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[16]. Has the client recently changed auditors or attorneys? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[17]. Does a hostile relationship exist between our staff and management? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[18]. Has the client recently organized or acquired a subsidiary? [Y] [N] [Ref]

 

Financial Condition of Entity

[1]. Does the entity have insufficient working capital? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[2]. Does the entity have sufficient lines of credit? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[3]. Does the entity depend on relatively few customers? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[4]. Does the entity depend on relatively few suppliers? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[5]. Are there violations of debt covenants? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[6]. Has the entity recently experienced a significant period of losses? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[7]. Is the entity using short-term obligations to finance long-term projects? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[8]. Does the entity have excess productive capacity? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[9]. Does the entity have high fixed costs? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[10]. Has the entity experienced rapid expansion? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[11]. Does the entity have a significantly long operating cycle? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[12]. Does the entity have significant contingent liabilities? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[13]. Is the entity the defendant in any significant litigation? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[14]. Do major valuation problems exist, such as:

  • Allowance for doubtful accounts? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Inventories? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Investment? [Y] [N] [Ref]
  • Long-term construction contracts? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[15]. Has the client experienced severe losses from investments or joint ventures? [Y] [N] [Ref]

 

Nature of Transactions

[1]. Does the entity engage in a significant number of consignment purchases or sales? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[2]. Does the entity engage in significant cash transactions? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[3]. Does the entity engage in significant related-party transactions? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[4]. Has the entity engaged in significant unusual transactions during the year or near the end of the year? [Y] [N] [Ref]

[5]. Are there any questions on the timing of revenue recognition? [Y] [N] [Ref]